Tuesday, August 25, 2020
I need you to peruse my decument ( IEP Study notes) and answer my inquiry 2-3-4 - Essay Example There must be an accord between the guardians and the school that that individual from the gathering doesn't join in. This might be for the explanation that their subject matter won't be examined in the gathering (Siegel, Lawrence M, 2011). Furthermore despite the fact that the ability of the part will be required the part might be avoided from the gathering, however it has additionally to be recorded as a hard copy by the school and the guardians. The part who is rejected from the gathering needs to place it into composing that he won't go to the gathering, which is done before the gathering to guarantee that there is a survey of what's in store during the gathering. I would suggest that the agreement be recharged with conditions whereby I will guarantee to catch up on the advancement and see whether the presentation is improving or that the part is still on a similar position they were during assessment. I would reestablish on the grounds that the examinations expresses that the individual from staff can improve and attempt to give another
Posted by Cullen Bryan at 12:10 AM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Presentation Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã John Wycliff was a scholar and early defender of change in the Roman Catholic Church during the fourteenth century. He started the principal interpretation of the Bible into the English language and is viewed as the fundamental forerunner of the Protestant Reformation. Wycliff was conceived at Ipreswell, Yorkshire, England, somewhere in the range of 1320 and 1330. He passed on at Lutterworth December 31, 1384. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã John WycliffÃ¢â¬â¢s family was of early Saxon root, since quite a while ago settled in Yorkshire. In his day the family was an enormous one, covering an extensive region. 1324 is the year typically given for Wycliff's introduction to the world. Wycliff presumably got his initial instruction near and dear. It isn't known when he previously went to Oxford, with which he was so firmly associated till an amazing finish. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã He was at Oxford in around 1345, when a progression of distinguished names was adding wonder to the notoriety of the college, for example, those of Roger Bacon, Robert Grosseteste, Thomas Bradwardine, William of Occam, and Richard Fitzralph. Wycliff owed a lot to Occam. He demonstrated an enthusiasm for normal science and arithmetic, however put forth a concentrated effort to the investigation of religious philosophy, clerical law, and reasoning. Indeed, even WycliffÃ¢â¬â¢s rivals recognized the insight of his logic. WycliffÃ¢â¬â¢s works demonstrate that he was very much grounded in Roman and English law, just as in local history. A family whose seat was in the area of Wycliff's home, Bernard Castle, established Balliol College, Oxford to which Wycliffe had a place, first as researcher, at that point as ace. He accomplished the headship no later than 1360. At the point when he was introduced by the school (1361) with the area of Fylingham in Lincolnshire, he needed to surrender the authority of Balliol, however he could keep on living at Oxford. His college profession followed the standard course. While as baccalaureate he busied himself with characteristic science and arithmetic, as ace he reserved the option to peruse in reasoning. Increasingly huge was his enthusiasm for Bible investigation, which he sought after in the wake of turning out to be single guy in religious philosophy. His presentation drove Simon Islip, Archbishop of Canterbury, to put him at the head of Canterbury Hall in 1365. Somewhere in the range of 1366 and 1372 he turned into a specialist of religious philosophy. In 1368 he surrendered his living at Fylingham and assumed control over the parsonage of Ludgershall in Buckinghamshire, not a long way from Oxford, which empowered him to hold his association with the college. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã It was not as an instructor or minister that Wycliffe picked up his situation ever; this originated from his exercises in ministerial governmental issues, wherein he connected about the mid-1370s, when his reformatory work additionally started.
Posted by Cullen Bryan at 2:36 AM
Sunday, July 26, 2020
10 September New Releases To Put On Hold at the Library Right Now Wishlist upcoming releases youre dying to read. Get exclusive podcasts and newsletters. Enter to win swag. Do it all when you join Insiders. Subscribe to Book Riot Insiders! Happy crazy-hot summer, readers! I dont know how you can beat the heat, but I do know how you can beat the waiting lists at the library: I have ten September new releases that are already garnering a lot of interest. Beat the rush and put them on reserve now! Getting the jump on these titles will pay off when September rolls around. Call Them by Their True Names: American Crises (and Essays) by Rebecca Solnit (September 4) Solnit, author of Men Explain Things to Me, turns her attention to the violence in America in this powerful new collection of essays. She turns the spotlight on the daily casualties in this country and the epidemic of gun violence, and offers insight into how people can change their despair over the state of the nation into hope. The Proposal by Jasmine Guillory (September 4) Guillorys first book, The Wedding Date, has been a big hit, drawing more readers to the romance genre with its funny, smart storyline. And this one looks equally charming! Its about a public marriage proposal at a baseball game. Nik has no problem saying no to the proposal, but she ends up disappointing a whole stadium of people. Luckily, a handsome stranger is there to whisk her away before the crowd in the stadium gets uglyâ¦ We Fed an Island: The True Story of Rebuilding Puerto Rico, One Meal at a Time by Jose Andres (September 11) The true story of a group of chefs fed hundreds of thousands of people in Puerto Rico in the wake of Hurricane Maria. Chef JosÃ© AndrÃ©s spent his days there with other cooks helping create meals that would feed many people at a time. This is his inside take on the crisis. With a forward from Lin Manuel-Miranda and his father, Luis A. Miranda, Jr. (Note: This is one of the last books being published by Anthony Bourdains imprint.) The Real Lolita: The Kidnapping of Sally Horner and the Novel That Scandalized the World by Sarah Weinman (September 11) The little-told real life crime story that influenced Nabokovs famous novel: the 1948 kidnapping of eleven-year-old Sally Horner. Using the facts of the case combined with history and investigative reporting, Weinman has written the first full account of the kidnapping, including uncovering Nabokovs own efforts to hide the fact that he knew of the crime. Sea Prayer by Khaled Hosseini (September 18) The author of The Kite Runner and And the Mountains Echoed has written a powerful response to the refugee crisis. A short, illustrated book that is meant for all ages, it is about a father composing a letter to his sleeping son as they prepare for a dangerous trip to escape the violence of their homeland, Syria. Washington Black: A novel by Esi Edugyan (September 18) Edugyans second novel, Half-Blood Blues, was a masterpiece that won awards but didnt get the love it deserved in the States. Hopefully her new novel, about an eleven-year-old field slave on a Barbados sugar plantation and his journey to freedom, will bring her genius to a larger audience. Because she is amazing! These Truths: A History of the United States by Jill Lepore (September 18) Historian Lepore, author of The Secret History of Wonder Woman and Book of Ages, has written an ambitious one-volume American history book. Based on extensive research, Lepore dissects Americas history and over five centuries of events, and discusses whether the nation has delivered and upheld political equality, natural rights, and the sovereignty of the people, or these truths, as Jefferson called them. Times Convert: A Novel (All Souls Trilogy) by Deborah Harkness (September 18) A new book from the author of the All Souls trilogy, set in the same world! This time, its the story of vampire geneticist Matthew de Clermont and his sire, Marcus. Spanning from the American Revolution to contemporary London, this is sure to capture new fans alongside the release of the television adaptation of A Discovery of Witches. Heartland: A Memoir of Working Hard and Being Broke in the Richest Country on Earth by Sarah Smarsh (September 18) Smarsh discusses the politics and systems in place in America that make it hard for poor and working class families to get ahead, no matter how hard they work. She combines her insight with the stories of her struggling family history and her poor childhood in Kansas. Perfect for readers of Evicted and Nickel and Dimed. Transcription by Kate Atkinson (September 25) A new Kate Atkinson novel is a reason to celebrate! This one is about a young woman who is recruited by MI5 and given the task of spying on British Fascist sympathizers. When WWII ends, so does her job, but the past catches up with her at her new job ten years later, and she realizes she was never truly out of danger. ITS SO GOOD. Looking for previously recommended releases? Check out 10 August New Releases To Put On Hold at the Library Right Now and 10 July New Releases To Put On Hold at the Library Right Now.
Posted by Cullen Bryan at 6:05 AM
Friday, May 22, 2020
How to Secure your Ecommerce Site against Hacking Attempts Aiesha Hasan Mar 02, 2017 5s E-commerce business continues to skyrocket and when there is money to be made, criminals are here to follow. Online stores are the prime targets for cyber crimes. This is not new as the e-commerce websites are more lucrative for the cyber criminals. This is because e-commerce website process the customerÃ¢â¬â¢s money which is itself lucrative for the cyber criminals and secondly the transactions contain sensitive data of the customers that are directly associated with their credit cards, allowing various scams and frauds easier to make. Your e-commerce website is not just a website you are running there, in fact, you are also responsible for your customerÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A password which has minimum characters along with symbols and numbers are harder for cybercriminals to breach into the e-commerce site from front-end. Put up System Alert for Suspicious Activity: Set up system alert notice for multiple transactions done through same IP address. Similarly, online retailers can put up these alerts for multiple orders placed by the same person using different credit cards and phone numbers which are from different areas than billing addresses and orders where the receipt name is different from the card holder name. Layer you E-commerce Security: Layering your security is one of the best ways to keep your e-business secure from cyber-attacks. Put up firewalls, an essential part in stopping cyber criminals before they can breach and get access to your critical and sensitive information. You can add some more extra layers of security to your e-commerce site and the applications such as contact forms, login boxes and search query. These steps will ensure that your e-commerce site is protected from application-level attacks like SQL injections and XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Security Training for Employees: Provide security training to employees and make them understand that they should never reveal private customer information on email or in chats as none of these methods are secure. Make use of strict written protocols and policies and encourage employees to implement them. Use TrackingShow MoreRelatedThe Internet and Cybercrime1781 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesvictims of cybercrime. The Internet has had profound effects on the public, both positive and negative. In this paper we will examine how access to personal information has led to an increase in online and offline crimes. The essay will particularly focus on ecommerce and hacking. For years, cyber criminals have been using bank statements, discarded credit cards, tax invoices and other bills (normally found in trash) to gain access to personal information and assume false identity. However in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s modernRead MoreThe Issue Of Cyber Crimes Essay1673 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesJurisdiction is one of the main issues on account of cyber crimes because of the extremely inclusive nature of the cyber crimes. With the constantly developing arm of the internet the territorial concept appears to vanish. New Methods for resolution of dispute should offer route to the traditional techniques. Accordingly, the Information Technology Act, 2000 is quiet on these issues. In spite of the fact that S. 75 accommodates extra territorial operations of this law, yet they could be significantRead MoreWhat Is The Globalization Of The Internet In New Zealand?1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesrate. Furthermore, this would potentially reduce crime rate since it is easier to earn money and they have less spare time on their hands. 4. Technology Internet access has become an integral part in New Zealand. According to Internet Live Stats (2016), the penetration of internet among New Zealanders has increased gradually over the years, from 69% in 2006 to 89.4% in 2016 (See FigureÃ¢â¬ ¦). It is also forecasted to reach 90% in 2018 (SP eCommerce, 2015). Source: Internet Live Stats (2016) FigureÃ¢â¬ ¦:Read MoreCyber Crime Case1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesquickly. Cyber crime which are increasing at faster rate should be controlled to protect the organization, CSIRT is the pillar for any organization should act effectively in responding. As many other developing countries, the internet usage in Colombia has also increased rapidly. The Government of Colombia want to develop CSIRT called ColCERT to secure their organizations. In Colombia use communication technologies has increased significantly, this raised the countrys level of exposure to cyber threatsRead MoreEvolution Of Credit Card Fraud Within The Growing E Commerce Industry1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesretailors looking for establishing online shopping sites. I examine the evolution of credit card fraud within the growing e-commerce industry. Introduction On January 11, 2014, luxury retailer Neiman Marcus announced possible data breach of its cyber-security and the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ credit card data may have been stolen. Tiffany Hsu from Los Angeles Times further reported on January 23, 2014, Ã¢â¬Å"About 1.1 million customer payment card might have been accessed in a security breachÃ¢â¬ 1. Ginger Reeder, aRead MoreDigital Forensic Investigator : An Effective Practice For The Digital Forensics1674 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesapplication that is found on most digital devices that a user purchases to access the Internet. Web browsers have multiple features that provide artifacts which can be accessed and examined for use as digital forensic evidence in an investigation of a crime or civil law suit. Features that a web browser might contain are the ability to use caching, to work with cookies, to store web browsing history, to save bookmarks or favorites, URLs or web site addresses that are typed into the address bar by theRead MoreShort Report on the Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Communications and Information Technology628 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagescommunications with videoconferencing, through social network sites like Facebook, or VOIP applications like Skype. Globalisation Ã¢â¬â ICT has led to the world economy becoming into one interdependent economic system. In business terms, ICT and specifically Ecommerce allow companies and individuals to connect in different countries, within a virtual Global Village. Cost Effectiveness Ã¢â¬â ICT has automated business processes increasing productivity, which leads to higher profits. The customer also benefits inRead MoreThe Threat Of Criminal Activity1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesamount of crimes that are committed online. As people continue to use computers and the Internet globally, the threat of criminal activity will continue to increase. Society is concerned about keeping their personal information confidential and eluding the traps that are in cyberspace. Due to the fact that society is at risk, law enforcement agencies are in somewhat of a quandary trying to keep one step ahead of the phenomenon of cybercrime. The government is not asleep to what cyber security relatedRead MoreInternet Crime and Moral Responsibility3336 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesInternet Crime and Moral Responsibility Internet Crime and Moral Responsibility 3 Introduction 3 What is Internet Crime? 3 Types of Crimes 3 Phishing 3 Child Pornography 4 Cyber Stalking 5 Computer Intrusion 5 Denial of Service Attacks and Cyber War 5 Identity Theft 6 Whose responsibility is it to report these crimes? 7 Reporting agencies 8 Conclusion 8 References 9 Internet Crime and Moral Responsibility Introduction The Internet is the technological genius of the computerRead MoreThe Securing Of Data And Information1727 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand shift from traditional crime to cyber and-or corporate crime. Additionally, there has been a dramatic increase of cooperate internal crime within the business environment a result modern sophisticated technologies; including, highly qualified cybercriminals that constantly dwell on strategies to target businesses internally and externally. For example, corporate (IT) cybercrime most often consists of crime against an organization in which the perpetrator of that crime utilizes a computer and-or
Posted by Cullen Bryan at 10:00 AM
Friday, May 8, 2020
The Mara Salvatrucha originating from Los Angeles, California is one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most renown gangs. The gang was established in Los Angeles in year 1980 by Salvadorian immigrants and war refugees. Salvadorians were migrating to the United States in hope and search for a better life, economically and socially. They came to a rude awakening of racism and isolation within society. These immigrants coming to a different country felt the need to group up and stick by each other helping one another knowing they were all on the same page. Eventually the immigrants feel to the easiest way of life given their circumstances, and fell into the gang life. These Salvadorian Los Angeles residents formed what is now known as Mara Salvatrucha also known as MS-13. Mara Salvatrucha was created by Salvadorians that fled their country because of a civil war. Essentially they were immigrants and refugees, being kids that grew up surrounded by violence. Due to these factors creating a gang was not something out of the norm for these kids, they were used to the violence. MS-13 is now considered the fastest-growing, most violent and least understood of the nation s street gangs in the United States of America. (2005) The word mara stands for Ã¢â¬Å"posseÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"gangÃ¢â¬ and Salvatrucha refers to peasants that were trained to become guerrilla fighters in the civil war. It is said that the 13 in MS-13 was adopted out of respect to the Mexican Mafia, representing the 13th letter in the alphabet Ã¢â¬Å"MÃ¢â¬ . TheShow MoreRelatedA Summary On The Gang1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesgroups are usually gangs. Some of the most deadly and violent gangs are Los Zetas, Aryan Brotherhood, Latin Kings, and the most violent Mara Salvatrucha, or MS-13 (Er kan). Mara Salvatrucha is a transnational gang that has been considered one of the most violent gangs yet. They started in California in 1980s (Audie). Why is the gang MS-13 so violent? Is it because of the lack of humanity or because they strip innocence away from everything? MS-13 members/groups are dangerous and should be feared. Read MoreMs-131124 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMS-13 final MS-13 History and Origins The Mara Salvatrucha gang originated in Los Angeles, in the 1980s by Salvadoran immigrants in the neighborhood between Pico and Wilshire also know as the citys Pico-Union neighborhood. They immigrated to the United States Due to a 12-year civil war in El Salvador, which resulted in over 100,000 deaths and over a million refugees(www.ms13gang.com). The Salvadorian refugees and immigrants predominantly settled in southern California and Washington, D.CRead MoreThe New Gang Became Known As The Mara Salvatrucha Stoners ( Ms Stoners )977 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesincluded former military combatants. In the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s vast amounts of the refugees migrated to Los Angeles (LA), which is the home of 1,000+ gangs. The refugees were not welcomed to LA and became ostracized in the Hispanic community as it had been controlled by Mexican street gangs (Eighteenth Street gang). This caused some of the refugees to form a group of their own. The new gang became known as the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners (MS Stoners). The gang begins as a group who was all about smoking week and havingRead MoreWhy The Gang Will Never Die Out1914 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages MS-13: Why the Gang Will Never Die Out Kathryn E. Psenda University of Colorado, Colorado Springs Abstract Mara Salvatrucha, often called the most dangerous gang in America, was bred from the violence and war that plagued El Salvador for over 12 years. As Salvadoran civilians, as well as ex-guerillas, sought asylum in the United States, they brought with them an ember of this violence that was stoked in the dangerous streets of Pico-Union, L.A. To defend themselves, the refugees formedRead MoreThe New Gang Became Known As The Mara Salvatrucha Stoners ( Ms Stoners ) Essay793 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesincluded former military combatants. In the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s vast amounts of the refugees migrated to Los Angeles (LA), which is the home of 1,000+ gangs. The refugees were not welcomed to LA and became ostracized in the Hispanic community as it had been controlled by Mexican street gangs (Eighteenth Street gang). This caused some of the refugees to form a group of their own. The new gang became known as the Mara Salvatrucha Stoners (MS Stoners). The gang begins as a group who was all about smoking week and havingRead MoreMs 13 Gang2747 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesMARA-SAVATRUCHA (MS13) The Civil War in the early 1980s in El Salvador cost the lives of about 100,000 people. Besides, two million people are reported to have immigrated to the United States, due to the uncertain political and social conditions there. A big chunk of the refugees arrived and settled in the Rampart area of Los Angeles. They needed low cost housing and employment. That area was already afflicted with gangs and crimes. For the local population of Mexican-Americans, this wasRead MoreThe Problem Of Gang Violence1356 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGang violence has grown to be a great problem in El Salvador in the last 30 years. Gangs have grown into large, complex organized crime units; the two largest gangs, MS13 (also known as Mara Salvatrucha 13) and Barrio18 (also known as Calle18), now encompass large parts of Central America. Both gangs rely heavily on local drug-peddling, which drives most of the general gang violence. The desire for control over certain areas had forged a fierce rivalry, in which civilians are often endangered whenRead MoreThe Ways Of Groups Influence Individuals1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesothers through either choice or accidental circumstances. Mara Salvatrucha also known as MS-13 originated in Los Angeles California. Salvadoran immigrants formed MS-13 to protect themselves from other established gangs of Los Angeles, who were predominantly composed of Mexicans and African-Americans. I thought that it was really interesting how the gang members were recruiting new members at such a young age. They were targeting kids who came from a troublesome home life, broken homes, or parents whoRead MoreGang Culture in the West Essay721 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesalong the immigration trail that began in Mexico and continued along a route through El Paso and Albuquerque, and onward to Los Angeles (sagepub). The first Mexican Los Angeles gangs, the Bogardus called Ã¢â¬Å"boy gangsÃ¢â¬ in 1926, were modeled after the palomilla (StudyingYouthGangs). Many gangs have arisen since then including Mara Salvatrucha 13 (MS-13). MS-13 was formed in Los Angeles, California in the 1980s by immigrant Salvadorian youth and young adults who were being victimized by other gangs. MS-13Read MoreThe Gang s Cut Of A Range Of Criminal Enterprises And Activities1029 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesothers through either choice or accidental circumstances. Mara Salvatrucha also known as MS-13 originated in Los Angeles California. Salvadoran immigrants formed MS-13 to protect themselves from other established gangs of Los Angeles, who were predominantly composed of Mexicans and African-Americans. I thought that it was really interesting how the gang members were recruiting new members at such a young age. They were targeting kids who came from a troublesome home life, broken homes, or parents who
Posted by Cullen Bryan at 3:37 PM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Thousands and thousands of people are shopping in grocery stores each day using either plastic or paper bags. They think of it as something that just holds their items. What they donÃ¢â¬â¢t know is how much it harms our environment. We will write a custom essay sample on Paper vs Plastic, Which Is Better or any similar topic only for you Order Now So the question is which is better? Ã¢â¬Å"3. 14 billion Plastic shopping bags and 53 million Kraft paper bags are produced annually to satisfy the national market, consuming 28. 5 million kilograms of plastic and 4. 8 million kilograms of paperÃ¢â¬ ( Goldbeck 333). A man named Shropshire in Annapolis had a campaign to get rid of plastic bags and is referred to as the Ã¢â¬Å"the bag man. Ã¢â¬Å"12 million barrels of oil are needed to produce 100 billion plastic bags used in the United States each year,Ã¢â¬ He said. According to the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency only 5% of those bags are being recycled and the rest are thrown into landfills. He also says that plastic bags from Annapolis land in Chesapeake Bay and marine animals swallow them, mistaking them for jelly fish. Ã¢â¬Å"Estimates prepared by the New York City Department of Sanitation suggest that if each New Yorker would use one less grocery sack per week, the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s garbage could be reduced by 2500 tons every year, saving 250,000 taxpayer dollars Ã¢â¬Å"(Goldbeck 333). Some officials say. that producing the bags takes too much energy and they create environmental hazards. The only problem is that plastic is cheaper and create less landfill waste than paper bags. Plastic bags are made with polyethylene. 80% of polyethylene is made from natural gas; a non-renewable resource. According to the Boustead Consulting Association polyethylene uses less water, oil and energy. Plastic bags use 40% less energy than paper and plastic sacks. The alliance says, they generate 80% less solid waste. Donna Dempsey of the Progressive Bag Alliance, a group representing plastic bag manufacturers, says that an alternative to plastic bags like paper wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t actually be greener. She also says that paper bags use up more fossil fuels in their lifecycle than plastic. Paper bags are made from a lot of trees. Paper grocery bags, are an American innovation and were designed in 1883. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also made from a Kraft (German: means course and strength) paper. According to the American Forest and Paper Association, paper collection is easily and readily available in most parts of the country. But like plastic, paper uses natural resources and creates pollution. The manufacturing of one paper bag uses 1 whole gallon of water! Trees have to dry for 3 whole years before making it into paper. Then itÃ¢â¬â¢s cooked under heat and pressureÃ¢â¬ ¦Etc. So paper also use up resources. When paper is thrown away itÃ¢â¬â¢s either recycled or thrown in a landfill. Both paper and plastic bags can pollute and effect the environment. So itÃ¢â¬â¢s hard to say which is better to use. I f we want an option better for the environment its better to use neither of them. The best option there is out there is reusable bags. How to cite Paper vs Plastic, Which Is Better, Essay examples
Posted by Cullen Bryan at 9:46 AM
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Background Study Different people have different inferences about the effects of using calculators in teaching mathematics at lower grades. Some people are of the opinion that the use of calculators at lower classes helps learners to understand mathematics concepts better. They argue that using calculators help learners in lower grades to develop a sense of numbers as well as making them become more confident with their mathematics abilities.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The impact of using calculators in teaching mathematics at lower grades specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Starr (2012), The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics recommends the use of calculators to all mathematics learners at all levels. It argues that long divisions as well as pencil and paper calculations are tedious and are associated with decreased attention of mathematics learners. Conversely, some scholars are against the use of calculators in lower grades. They argue that introducing calculators to learners in lower grades makes it difficulty for the learners to master basic mathematics concepts. Anderson (2005) claims that the use of calculators at lower grades makes the learners to keep on trying different operations to arrive at the required solutions without understanding the underlying principals. Moreover, Williamson (2000) posits that the use of calculators in lower grades makes mathematics learners not to conceptualize logical reasoning that is imperative in disciplining the mind. Problem Statements The use or not use of calculators at lower grades is a contentious issue for many scholars. Some Scholars are for the use of calculators at lower grades, while others are against it. Nonetheless, the most important aspect is not whether lower grade mathematics learners should use or not use calculators, but identifying the most appropriate stage at which mathematics learners should be allowed to use calculators (Williamson, 2000). It is from this perspective that this research tries to unearth the underlying effects of introducing calculators to mathematics learners at lower grades in order to recommend appropriate solutions. Significance of the Study This study will be very instrumental in helping appropriate education stakeholders such as the ministry of education to identify whether mathematics learners at lower grades will be allowed to use calculators or not. In addition, the results of this study will act as guidance to mathematics teachers on whether the use of calculators at lower grades is helpful or detrimental to the mathematics learners understanding of mathematics concepts.Advertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Aims and Objectives The chief aim of this study will be to find out whether introducing calculators to mathematics learners at lower grades promotes or hind ers learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ conceptualization of mathematics concepts. Specific Objectives To find out whether introducing mathematics to learners at grade lower grades boost their understanding of mathematics concepts To find out whether introducing calculators to mathematics learners at lower grades hinders their understanding of the underlying mathematics concepts. To recommend appropriate stage to introduce calculators to mathematics learners Research questions In order to realize the above objectives, this study will try to answer the following questions. Does introducing calculators to mathematics learners at lower grades boost their understanding of mathematics principals? Does introducing mathematics at lower grades hinder mathematics learnerÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to understand underlying mathematics principals? Which is the most appropriate stage to introduce calculators to mathematics learners? How I selected the topic and Challenges I faced I selected the topic after reviewing re levant literature about the use of technology in mathematics. I experienced a lot of problem in narrowing down my topic to the impacts of the use of calculators at lower grades. Nevertheless, I finally managed to come up with this topic that I consider very appropriate for the study. I came up with this topic after discovering that most of the topics that have been researched on about the subject mainly focused on the impacts of the use of technology in mathematics. Therefore, when I identified the existing gap between the use of calculators and its effects at lower grades, I decided to base my research topic on it in order to establish the existing relationship. Moreover, I experience a lot of problem in coming up with appropriate research questions that were needed to guide the discussion. After doing a bit of research on how to formulate research questions and consultation from my colleagues, I was able to identify three research questions that I will use for this study. Referenc e List Anderson, P. (2005).Education Battle Over the use of Calculators. New York: Prentice Hall. Star, L. (2012). The Role of Long Division in Mathematics. Cambridge: Cambridge University PressAdvertising We will write a custom essay sample on The impact of using calculators in teaching mathematics at lower grades specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Williamson, K. (2000).Calculators in Classroom for Improvement of Mathematics. New York: Prentice Hall This essay on The impact of using calculators in teaching mathematics at lower grades was written and submitted by user Leila Hardy to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Posted by Cullen Bryan at 3:52 AM